Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Comparison of Hinduism and Buddhism Rituals

Presentation Buddhism and Hinduism are a portion of the famous religions on the planet with their sources going back to the Common Era in India. Somewhat, these religions share comparative belief systems and birthplace, despite the fact that Hinduism is more established than Buddhism and positions third regarding fame world.Advertising We will compose a custom evaluation test on Comparison of Hinduism and Buddhism Rituals explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More Despite the different likenesses between these two religions, Hinduism and Buddhism vary in specific angles. Along these lines, this article looks into the strict practices and ceremonies of Buddhism and Hinduism. Correlation Similarities Buddhism and Hinduism share a few likenesses. For example, these religions are polytheistic. The significant divine beings are those identified with empathy and knowledge in Buddhism. Then again, Hinduism has a divine force of propagation, demolition and the Supreme god. Furthe rmore, these religions share a confidence in Samsara. This implies the procedure of birth must be broken to accomplish Moksha, which implies the accomplishment of opportunity. Both Hinduism and Buddhism share the conviction of resurrection. As indicated by Buddhism, resurrection is identified with the current activities of an individual while Hinduism accepts that an individual lives in an indifferent world. Duiker and Spielvogel note that, â€Å"asceticism developed into the advanced act of body preparing that we know as yoga (association), which is acknowledged today as a significant component of Hindu strict practice† (Duiker, and Spielvogel 42). Along these lines, the body of an individual changes into another shape dependent on their activities. The two religions put stock in salvation with Buddhists accepting that every individual needs to take a stab at their salvation and can't move faults on others for strict disappointments. What's more, this salvation identifies wi th the great activities of an individual. As per Buddhism, every individual must endeavor to accomplish salvation dependent on his activities. Nonetheless, an individual needs to utilize four ways to achieve this sort of salvation. The main way is Raja Yoga, which implies the way of salvation. Moreover, there is Jnana Yoga and Bhakti Yoga that mean the way of information and love separately. Karma Yoga implies that an individual achieves salvation by seeking after great actions.Advertising Looking for appraisal on religion religious philosophy? We should check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Besides, there is intervention in the two religions as Duiker and Spielvogel see in their examination. Intervention is a strict practice that brings the devotees near nirvana. During the adoring procedure, Hindu adherents serenade over and over the syllables â€Å"OM.† These syllables assist them with ruminating with a point of arriving at an exclu sive requirement of cognizance. The devotees center around internal mindfulness that interface them to the god, which is accomplished through centering. As indicated by the Hindu strict works on, referencing the syllable attracts an individual closer to the Supreme Being and closer to reality of information. This is like Buddhists who draw their motivation from intervention. For example, it is through this procedure that Buddha uncovered the being of Dharma. In this manner, as indicated by Buddhism, one needs to focus on internal reflection to uncover nirvana. This implies Buddhism and Hinduism vary in the structure of their social framework. In any case, they share comparative strict convictions of intercession, which are accepted to achieve nirvana (salvation). Besides, both Hinduism and Buddhism share a conviction on edification. As indicated by these religions, there are various courses through which one could accomplish illumination. For example, one can accomplish it through b eating feelings, enthusiasm, and having power over their faculties. Moreover, the two religions share comparable comprehension of the reason for anguish. For instance, the two religions accept that an individual endures when the person in question submits sin on the planet. Accordingly, these religions accept that individuals ought to dispose of hallucination and the wants of the world. Besides, they share likenesses in the translation and practice of tantric. For example, Tantrayan is a predominant group in Buddhism. This order puts together its activities with respect to tantric practices. Among Hindu devotees, tantric is a typical practice among the individuals who adore Shiva and Kali. Contrasts According to Duiker, â€Å"Buddhists once in a while comment that somebody who requests a depiction doesn't comprehend the idea. Simultaneously, the new tenet contrasted from existing practices in various key ways† (Duiker 48).Advertising We will compose a custom appraisal test on Comparison of Hinduism and Buddhism Rituals explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More In a similar note, Duiker sees that it appears to be likely that Hindu devotionalism rose exactly to battle the advances of Buddhism and lessen the latter’s advance among the Indian populace (Duiker 227) Based on these, the development of Buddhism tested the presence of Hindu strict practices. The two religions have the privileges of entry, despite the fact that the numbers and practices of these rights differ1. For example, Hinduism has sixteen transitional experiences that every part ought to experience in their life. For example, Ashrama comprise of four phases, which are indispensable for every individual. These stages are understudy, householder, timberland inhabitant, and sannyasin. Then again, Buddhism is all the more a guide that coordinates how individuals should live. It gives three phases that immediate an individual to illumination. These means incorporate creating attention to the previous existence, samsara, karma and Moksha. In this manner, though Hinduism is a greater amount of privileges of entries, the means introduced by Buddhism are decides that guide individuals. Manu’s laws begin from Hinduism, which depict the karma. Manu built up these strict ideas dependent on lawful guidelines. As per these rules, karma is the faith in the effects of an activity. Thus, these laws have one significant point of improving Hindusdo great activities so as to maintain a strategic distance from the negative effects. Buddhists likewise share the idea of karma, despite the fact that the two religions contrast in the arrangement of position. In Buddhism, there is division of the general public dependent on ranks. Be that as it may, Hindus put stock in the idea of the station framework. On account of these pecking orders, Hindu religion contradicts intermarriages between positions, something proposing that intermarriages between individuals from vari ous positions are exceptionally debilitated. They make customary plans where a few pledges before a sacred fire, which conveys the promise to their deity.Advertising Searching for appraisal on religion religious philosophy? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Find out More As the couple moves nearer to the sacrosanct fire, God Agni watches out for them so as to lead the family into another life. In Buddhism, there are no positioning laws and marriage is permitted among different classes. In any case, they have noteworthy services to check the procedure of marriage. Nine Buddhists serenade gifts to the lady and man of the hour. They utilize sacred water to favor the recently married couple. During the procedure, they offer presents to the priests. The wedding begins after this function where priests tie a string on the arms of the couple as they make great wishes over their lives. Another distinction among Buddhism and Hinduism is identified with the thoughts of anataman and anatta. Duiker and Spielvogel see that, â€Å"Buddhism was most likely ready to fight off the Hindu test with its own Salvationist statement of faith of Mahayana, which likewise underscored the job of dedication, yet the times of Buddhism as a prevailing confidence in the subcontin ent were numbered† (Duiker and Spielvogel 241). This shows the two religions were in steady rivalry over controlling the strict maters of the subcontinent. Hinduism bolsters the possibility of self-assurance, which drives an individual to time everlasting implying that an individual decides their own destiny2. The point of Hinduism is to lead a person to comprehend outrageous truth through Moksha. In any case, Buddhist Theravada restricts the possibility of self since the network should assume a job in strict practices. In this manner, Hindus contend that everything is dynamic inferring that the truth that individuals see is a marvel of a second. What's more, Mahayan is radical in deciphering the idea of self, which mirrors the possibility of void. End Buddhism and Hinduism are antiquated religions of India that take after one another in different perspectives, yet vary in various ways, particularly with regards to rehearses. Buddhism is accepted to have begun from Hinduism. I n any case, in spite of these differentiations, these religions share numerous similitudes, as examined in the past segment. List of sources Duiker, William, and Spielvogel, Jakcson. The Essential World History. New York: Cengage Learning, 2013. Print. References 1 William, Duiker and Jackson, Spielvogel (The Essential World History 2013), p. 227. Hinduism has never valued the presence of Buddhism since it sees it as an incredible danger. This clarifies why Hindu adherents restrict it at whatever point they get a chance. 2 William, Duiker and Jackson, Spielvogel, The Essential World History (New York: Cengage Learning, 2013), p. 244. As per Hinduism, the network should not be meddling with the life of an individual in light of the fact that every individual is required to do as the person in question wishes. It conflicts with following the set up public arrangement of gauges. This evaluation on Comparison of Hinduism and Buddhism Rituals was composed and put together by client Fernanda R. to help you with your own examinations. You are allowed to utilize it for exploration and reference purposes in

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The National Geographic Society. National Geographic website Essay

The National Geographic Society. National Geographic site - Essay Example The delightful creatures showed in the site associate the watchers of the site with nature. At the highest point of the site there are eight essential connections that permit the clients to visit various pieces of the site. The eight essential connections are photography, creatures, natural, travel, experience, nageotv, children, and video. The photography area has bunches of various pictures of creatures, nature, scenes, in addition to other things. The children area has instructive games youngsters can play. The movement segment has pictures and data about the way of life of various pieces of the world. Underneath the essential connections at the top there are auxiliary connections in yellow. The optional connections take the clients to various portions of the site. The optional connections are every day news, the magazine, maps, science, training, games, music online journals, motion pictures, in the field, portable, and pamphlets. The day by day news portion has heaps of fascinating articles. I read an article that expressed that being bilingual postpones maturing impacts. In the maps segment there are diverse intuitive 3D maps of the world. The magazine interface has the present issue of the National Geographic magazine for the long stretch of March 2011. The issue can be perused online gratis.

Tuesday, August 11, 2020

Books About the Cambodian Genocide That Helped Me Understand My Father

Books About the Cambodian Genocide That Helped Me Understand My Father As someone who is half-Khmer, it’s always been a looming fact in my household that my father survived the Cambodian genocide as a child in the late-1970s. Half of his immediate family perished, alongside two million other Khmers. Like many other children, I grew up with the label of “second-generation refugee,” a label put on me by the Cambodian community that described my status as an American-born child of a first-generation refugee. I was an American-born child of a man who was forced to leave his whole life behind and quite literally run for the Thai border with barely anything but the clothes on his back and some family members. I was an American-born grandchild of a couple whose faces my father no longer remembers and whose basic information has since been lost to time and tragedy. No one really knows how to spell Da and Yeay’s names anymore, andâ€"from what I gatherâ€"no one really knows from whom the family surname actually came. It’s always been difficult to talk to my father about his childhood. He lost his parents and his sister to a needless genocide that started when he was about the same age I was in the first grade. As a result, he has dealt with the subsequent trauma it’s caused for the past four decades and counting. It’s understandable that he’s not as open about the one eternal burden in his life he’d give anything to be rid of. The trauma he endured has since rippled into my life. I grew up struggling to hold onto whatever pieces of the Khmer culture my father could salvage from his mere six years of normalcy in the very beginning, which wasn’t much. He tried to teach me the language, but I never retained anything beyond the alphabet and basic greetings. The barrier remained between my father’s past and my present. I am 18 now, and I have yet to foster that same connection with my father’s heart and soul through his first language, as many children do within their first few years of life, and through no fault of his own. From beyond the grave and across the globe, Pol Pot and his regime effectively erased half my heritage. I couldn’t connect to the only group of people who shared my family’s experiences because I couldn’t speak our language and barely knew our culture, but it’s not like non-Khmers would understand any better. Often, when I talk about my heritage to a non-Khmer, the first question I’m asked is “What’s Cambodia?” The first time I ever felt remotely understood by someone outside my own personal bubble was when I began reading books about the Cambodian genocide and those who survived it. In a way, the books I read felt like small windows into my father’s past that I could peer through without causing him more undue pain. Through these windows, I could look inside the worst of his experiences without tearing down the brick walls that encased them. There are loads of books about the Cambodian genocide by survivors that accurately portray their experiences. However, there were three books in particular that connected me to my father and his experiences more than ever. Never Fall Down  by Patricia McCormick It was 8th grade in Mrs. K’s English class that we were given a choice among a small pool of books to read. We were ultimately supposed to group together based on which book we chose for assignments and discussions. One of the books on that list we were given was Patricia McCormick’s Never Fall Down, which was based on the experiences of a man named Arn Chorn-Pond. While we could indicate our preference for which book we were assigned, in the end it was up to Mrs. K. Upon learning that the book was about the Cambodian genocide, I asked my teacher to place me in that group. After I told her why it was important to me, she did. Never Fall Down was the very first book Id ever read directly concerning the event that stole the lives of family members who perished long before I could even meet them. It was the first of the pool of books about the Cambodian genocide that allowed me a better understanding of my father. As such, I immediately felt a connection with the man whose story was being told. At this point in my life, I wasn’t familiar with the most heart-wrenching parts of my father’s experiences. Here, though, they were laid out before me in stark black ink and white pages. I remember sitting in the dark at night next to my bedroom window. There was a single stream of moonlight seeping through the blinds. I had this book in my grubby little hands, and I thought, “This is like Dad.” Reading this book and doing these assignments encouraged me to ask more questions about my father’s experiences. Because of it, I was brought closer to him and his past in a way I never thought I’d be. I reveled in the rare closeness I felt with my father. For once, he finally let me peek through the walls around his heart. First They Killed My Father  by Loung Ung First They Killed My Father is probably best known as a Netflix original movie created by actress Angelina Jolie. In fact, it was my mother who introduced me to the movie in the first place. She loved it because of how raw and real it was. Howeverâ€"as is the natural progression of natureâ€"long before the movie was ever conceptualized, there was the book. In it, Cambodian American Loung Ung describes her own experiences surviving the Cambodian genocide as a once-upper-class child. Knowing me, I prefer the book over the movie in any circumstance. As such, high-school-me was elated to find the ebook through the local public library. I borrowed it for the few weeks allotted and read it. While this story wasn’t as reminiscent of my father’s story, it was still one that resonated with me regardless. I was introduced to a carefree child who was a bit of a troublemaker. Sheâ€"Ungâ€"lived in a family that was financially comfortable and whose patriarch was a high-ranking government official. However, the book quickly plunged into the darkness of the genocide following the Khmer Rouge storming her town. What’s significant about First They Killed My Father  for me was that I read it when I was 16. I was enrolled that same year in the formidable American history/literature block class. It was a class collectively referred to as AmStuds. It was largely known at my school for its complexity and heavy coursework. There was a single major project that spanned throughout the entirety of the course called the Family History Project. It was just as its name describedâ€"a project that detailed the family history of the student doing it. This meant essays, family trees, and interviews all about my family and me. Inspired by  First They Killed My Father, I interviewed my own father on his early childhood in Cambodia. I learned about his very first memory of hunting birds on horseback with my grandfatherâ€"my da. His own father, who was the first in our immediate family to die by the Khmer Rouge. He told me about the day he learned of Das murder. He spoke about fleeing to the Thai border with nothing but the clothes on his back. I typed his responses to my questions as he answered them. I felt just a little bit closer to him than before. The Years of Zero: Coming of Age Under the Khmer Rouge  by Seng Ty I read this book quite recently during my second year as a community college student. Considering my full-time course load, it was difficult to fit in a decent read. However, I felt compelled to pick up this book as I passed by it at the public library, so I did. I checked it out and read it. The first thing that caught my eye about this book was the map and timeline featured in the front. This was a common feature of books about the Cambodian genocide. However, something about this one was particularly poignant to me. It evoked a longing for a country Ive never truly belonged toâ€"or at least never felt like I did. The Years of Zero details the story of Seng Ty, the author, and his experiences growing up during the Cambodian genocide. This struck a chord within me, as I had just become a legal adult that same year. It was a time I spent mulling over my own coming of age and the major changes Id be facing in the very near future. Not only that, but it reminded me once again of the coming of age my father hadâ€"or, more aptly, didnt have. It called to mind interviewing my father for that project a mere two years prior. While Tys story and my fathers were far from mirror images of each other, the pain and longing they felt were where they converged. Ty became the lone survivor of his family early on in the genocide once the rest of his family was either worked to death or murdered. He later found himself a child soldier for the Khmer Rouge. I thought about the loneliness he went through, and I thought about my father. Throughout my life, nothing has helped me feel closer to my father than books, particularly books about the Cambodian genocide. While he struggles to explain the complexities of the feelings and experiences, these books shed at least a little light. Where his reserved and quiet nature prevents him from having those kinds of serious conversations, these books helped me understand at least a little more. I can only hope that the future holds more of these small glimpses into my fathers life.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Assignment On Professional Roles Through Case Studies

300975 Professional Competencies Assessment 1 Reflection on professional roles through case studies Melad Baher Saaed Alyonan – SID: 19081221 Common professions in the construction industry are: †¢ Building Designer – Simply is a person who designs buildings. In fact, there are many aspects more than design is the building designer responsibility and it’s a part of his day to day duties like site survey, calculating quantity and choosing the suitable quality of the project, prepare documents, planning, organizing and consultation. â€Å"Building Designers have grown up from the drafting services, which served the building industry so well in the 1970s and 1980s. These people had gained a reputation of providing practical designs. They were†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"Analyse drawings and specifications, understand contractual terms and condition. Provide clear, detailed quantity take offs. Maintain relationships with sub-contractors and clients. Work with and deal with concerns of field personnel, formulate cost breakdown from estimates and for project progress.† (â€Å"Construction-Estimator-Job-Description†) †¢ Contract Admin – Is the person who is responsible for contract creation in accordance with the approved terms, conditions and plan. The contract admin is responsible for contract execution and analysis to minimise risk and maximise the financial performance. â€Å"Systematically follow contract management and administration guidelines on key contracts. Record contract documentation and performance outcome. Manage suppliers to ensure good, services and projects are delivered in line with agreed terms and conditions (on-time, on-cost, quality, etc.)† (â€Å"Contract-Administrator-Description-Role†) Building Designer - A person who is interpreting the discussion with clients into sketch plans according to client’s consideration. Each building is unique, it’s the designer s responsibility to understand the complexities and find solutions instead. Day-to-day duties are: 1- Site Survey - During site survey the designer will demonstrate measurements, dimensions, frontage location from the north, drain pipe location, existing tree locations and theShow MoreRelatedHlt 324v Week 4 Complete Latest1462 Words   |  6 Pages HLT 324V Week 4 Case Study: Through the Eyes of the Patient and the Health Care Professional Topic: Spiritual and Cultural Emphases on Death and Dying Allied health professionals are confronted with different death and dying practices. An effective allied health professional recognizes the importance of understanding different cultural practices, and learns how to evaluate the death, dying, and spiritual beliefs and practices across the cultures. Read the two specified case histories and chooseRead MoreDpp Guidance912 Words   |  4 PagesDeveloping Professional Practice - Assignment Guidance Activity 1 The following is designed to help you with your first assignment on this programme, at this level of study. It brings together guidance for the assignment and different aspects of study skills that you will need to develop over time. It is strongly recommended that you read widely to support all of your assignments and invest in a study skill book such as The Study Skills Handbook by Stella Cottrell. Briefly explain how theRead MoreThe Course Project Management Under Professor Thomas A1641 Words   |  7 Pages1. INTRODUCTION The course Project Management under Professor Thomas A. Brodowski is one of the most constructive courses I have taken so far. 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Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Women Of Hip Hop Culture Essay - 1723 Words

Women have decided to consume hip hop regardless of the sexism and machismo of their rap artist spouses. Historically, black women who have sex with other women haven’t been recognized in the Black community. Also, the expectations are the same in hip hop culture because men reject lesbians. An example is the murder in 2003 of Sakia Gunn after she declared her lesbian identity to a group of males. We all know that in hip hop culture men predominate and precisely masculine. Women can achieve a higher professional success than men regarding no matter their sexual orientation. In other hand, women represent different controlling images like the whore, the mammy and temptress. Homophobia in hip hop is translated into forms of oppression, discrimination and violence for gays, lesbians and transgender. â€Å"Black women rappers interpret and articulate the fears, pleasures, and promises of young black women whose voices have been relegated to the margins of public discourse.† Their voices are in constant dialogue with the public and men rappers about sexual promiscuity, emotional commitment, infidelity, the drug trade, racial politics and black cultural history. If we pay close attention to female rappers, we will notice that they address questions of sexual power, economic opportunities and the pain of racism and sexism. Women rappers has been promoted as sexually progressive, antisexist voices because of â€Å"an understanding of male rappers as uniformly sexist.† Discussions of womenShow MoreRelatedWomen And Hip Hop Culture1275 Words   |  6 PagesWomen have always played a major role in the hip hop culture. 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Hip hop, once her beloved escape is now ravaging her community withRead MoreMisogyny Hip Hop W Sources Essay1571 Words   |  7 PagesMisogyny in Hip Hop | 3.5.2012Dr. Tshombe WalkerAFR 1503 | Tina Marie | Misogyny in Hip Hop culture refers to lyrics, videos, or other aspects of hip hop culture that support, glorify, justify or normalize the objectification, exploitation or victimization of women. Misogyny in hip hop music instills and perpetuates negative stereotypes about women. It can range from innuendos to stereotypical characterizations and defamations. Overt misogyny in rap and hip hop music emerged in theRead MoreThe Music Of The Hip Hop1550 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"I said the hip hop, Hippie to the hippie, the hip, hip hop, and you don’t stop, a rock it to the bang, bang boogie, say you jump the boogie, to the rhythm of the boogie, the beat.† â€Å"Rapper’s Delight† is a song recorded in 1979 by American hip hop trio The Sugarhill Gang. It was the original 12-inch single was 15 minutes of undeniable urban-playboy bragging. While it was not the first single to feature rapping, it is generally considered to be the song that first popularize d hip hop in the United

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Components needed to make a personal computer Free Essays

Building a personal computer can be a rewarding experience in addition to saving costs. By building a personal computer, one can save up to 30% of the costs that would be incurred if the computer were purchased from a dealer. In building a personal computer, the first thing to do is to select a motherboard. We will write a custom essay sample on Components needed to make a personal computer or any similar topic only for you Order Now To ensure that the PC will perform reliably, the motherboard used should be from a well-known manufacturer. The best-known motherboards for reliability are from Intel. Since a motherboard is such a critical part of a personal computer, it would be best to select it carefully and not necessarily go for the cheapest in the market. An ideal motherboard for a student personal computer would be the Intel Socket LGA775, which retails at GBP 80 and can be purchased online at http://www.newegg.com The size of the personal computer will be determined by the case that the builder chooses. For a personal computer, the ideal is to go for a small a case as possible while taking care not to limit the number of components that can fit in the case. If the case is too small, it will not only limit the number of components that the computer can take but will also make it harder to keep the system properly cooled. Moreover, the fan in a small case will have to move faster than the fan in a larger case to appropriately cool the computer and this will result in the production of much noise. A smaller case also limits the options that the builder has in the routing of cables. All factors considered, a small case should be avoided as it turns to be less efficient and probably more expensive in the end. A standard mini or mid-tower case should be chosen. In any case, the case chosen should allow for addition of other components should the need arise for them in the future. The ideal case for a PC to be used by an undergraduate would be the Antec Sonata III, which is available from Amazon at GBP 88. This case is supplied together with a 500-watt power supply and can be purchased online at www.amazon.com. In building a personal computer, it is crucial to choose the processor carefully. For an undergraduate student who will use the PC to perform routine research work and probably write assignments, which will involve browsing the internet and checking email, a processor that would be adequate is the AMD Athlon XP. This costs about GBP 53. While it is important to confirm that machinery is in place to keep the CPU cool, all attempts should be made to obtain a cooler that does not generate too much noise. Reasonably priced CPU coolers ideal for a PC can be obtained from Dynatron. (www.dynatron-corp.com). This cooler is ideal for the 30W to 50W processors which could be used to make a PC. Other CPU coolers that could be used for the PC include the Zalman CNPS9500AT, which is available from Newegg at GBP 30. This cooler can be purchased online at http://www.newegg.com. When the PC is up and running and the fans become noisy, an inline resistor should be installed. This reduces the voltage reaching the fan thereby reducing the noise that the fan produces. Suppliers of noise-reducing resistors include QuietPC USA (www.quietpcusa.com) and Endnoise.com (www.endnoise.com). How to cite Components needed to make a personal computer, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Dorothy Dix free essay sample

In 1812 a 10 year old was given the responsibility of raising herself and her two younger brothers, this overwhelming task was in conjunction with the care-taking of her mentally ill mother and alcoholic father. Looking back on her life, the events of that fateful winter day visit in 1841, shaped her passion and future endeavourers. The suffering of the insane inmates at the East Cambridge Jail, changed her forever. In retrospect, this sudden flash (heart wrench ins visit) was the catalyst of inspiration that shaped her unwavering sire to help the weak and the mentally ill, this would be her calling.The girl was me. As mentioned, In March 1841 1 visited Cambridge House of Corrections to teach Sunday class to female inmates. That day forever changed my life. I saw the mentally ill were living together with inmates they were living under poor conditions in which the patients were chained in dark enclosed spaces, lying in their own filth and wearing inadequate clothing. We will write a custom essay sample on Dorothy Dix or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page They were also physically and sexually abused. This caused me to take matters into my own hands, which lead me to deliver a report to the Massachusetts State Legislature regarding the poor living conditions at the prison.At first, I was criticized and the reports were denied, but after hiring an independent observation group, the legislature allocated funds to expand the State Mental Hospital at Worcester. What a victory this was. This began my drive for improvements of jails and care of the mentally ill in Massachusetts. This lead to the winning court battles for the mentally ill. In 1845 1 wrote Remarks of prison and prison discipline of the United States which discussed the reforms that I wanted the government to implement.Some of the reforms that were to be implemented were the educating of prisoners and separation of various types of offenders which included murderers, rapists, and kidnappers from the mentally ill. I continued to advocate for these issues in the following decades in the United States and Europe. In the U. S. Alone; I established 32 hospitals, opened a government hospital, and 15 schools for the feeble minded. Because of my endeavors, facilities for the mentally ill increased 10-fold, from 13 to 123.And in older facilities, fostered reorganization, enlargement, and the re-staffing with intelligent and well-trained personnel from existing hospitals. My desire to help the mentally ill and insane is continuously growing, but unfortunately there is a lack of funding available to this patient population. In order to continue my goal to care for the mentally ill, needed financial support. After much lobbying and vigorous debate with government officials, the Bill for the Benefit of the Indigent Insane was passed, it set aside land for the building of institutions for the insane.Proceeds from this land helped the effort to maintain the cause for caring of the insane individuals. This would fix the poor treatment and living conditions of the patients. I believed that society needed to accept and understand the insane are human beings and needed to be treated in a humane and civil manner, not like animals in cages. This is often what it seemed like. The push for progression of helping the insane was often thwarted due to financial downfalls. It was very difficult to find support for these programs. A big halt in the process occurred when PresidentFranklin Pierce vetoed the bill and did not agree with the governments involvement with the Insane, and felt that it was a responsibility at the state level. This was a major dent in the journey to provide care to the insane. During the civil war, the military was not a hospitable environment for women. Despite this I was appointed Superintendent of Union Army Nurses. (appointed by whom) I did this with no formal training as a nurse, but by showing my superiors that had tenacity and exceptional organizational skills. I convinced military personnel that women could provide equal quality f care as ambulatory nurses.This position was previously held exclusively by men. This lead me to recruiting 2000 women into the army. I felt that I could provide nursing care to our wounded soldiers by the hands Of nurtures, that were personally selected by myself. I needed to make sure that the women I chose were required to be exceedingly competent, but plain looking, this requirement was so their appearance would not be distracting. It was very important for us army nurses not to engage in any relationships with soldiers, doctors, or military personnel.Exploitation of female nurses is absolutely unacceptable and this would detract from success in our line of work. Throughout my journey to enhance patient advocacy, I successfully lobbied state legislators to pass bills that improved the quality of care of the mentally ill and to correct the inhumane conditions found in prisons. I paved the road for women to serve in the army equally, shoulder to shoulder, with men in the nursing field. This led me to be the first to advocate that the national government should be involved in health care.